Saturday, October 22, 2016

'Shri Krishna-Karnamrita:' One Hundred & Tenth Shloka

ishana-deva-carakna-bharanena nivi-
stabakodgamena  |
racitam tava krishna deva,
vahatu kalpa-shatantare 'pi ||110||
Simple Meaning:

Krishna-Karnamrita, a Bouquet of  Verses Describing Krishna's Glory

By producing this bouquet of verses, which has the lasting fame of Nivi Damodara as its wealth and which adorns the lotus feet of Ishanadeva, Lilashuka has described Your glory! O Lord Krishna! May this work named ‘Shri Krishna-Karnamrita’ which has been composed by Lilashuka Billavmangal, continue to let the stream of delight gush forth from it for Your bhaktas, for hundreds of kalpas.

The Rasa-laden Commentary:

Krishna-Karnamrita is Like Nectar For Krishna's Ears

Hearing the sweet words of Shri Billavmangal Lord Krishna began to rave,” O Lilashuka! Your rasa-laden words are like nectar to My ears, giving happiness, it is very touching.  I have been extremely satisfied with your sweet renditions. So you ask for any boon as per your will.

 Having Darshan of dark-hued Krishna

Shri Billavmangalji replied,” I am contented by this unprecedented happening of beholding You in front of me, I have no wish left. Nothing in this world is desirable for me. I pray for just this that my work ‘Krishna-Karnamrita,’ which is laden with the unbroken stream of your madhur rasa, constantly gushes forth for hundreds of kalpas.

Billavmangalji Prays for Krishna-karnamrita to Become Immortal

May this rasa-laden work, always sounding like nectar for Your ears, attain the position of a relishable composition and keep delighting Your heart.
Drenching the minds of  rasikas, the worshippers of madhurya rasa, may the rasa-laden stream of ‘Krishna-Karnamrita’, eternally gush forth in the hearts of those well-versed in  rasa. May this work of mine become immortal in this world,  is what I pray for.

Commentators have given different meanings to the phrase ‘ishan deva.’
A]Shripad Gopala Bhatta has written in his commentary on ‘Krishna Vallabha’:

Krishna, the Worshippable Deity of Shiva

1)He has interpreted ishana-deva-carakna-bharanena in this manner ‘Shri Shiv.’ ishanasya devah aaradhyah means Shri Krishna the worshippable Lord of Shiva.

 Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh 

2)eeshana sarve divyanti dyotante yasmaditi va
Which means all the gods (Brahma, Vishnu Mahesh)etc., are radiant with His own light, that Lord Krishna.

B] As per Shri Krishna Das Kaviraj

 Krishna, the Prana of Shri Radha

eesha radha, sa chananamanah tasya mam vanah pranashchayan devasy
The One who is the prana (vital breath) of Shri Radha, the very same Lord is my prana.

 Shri Radha-Krishna

s ch tayorva charana ev shirohridayabharanani yasy ten.
Shri Radha-Krishna are the ornament of whose heart and head, that very same Shri Lilashukha Billavmangal ji Maharaj. Which means I am their sevaka- their eternal servant(Hence ishan-deva means-the conjoined form of Shri Radha-Krishna)

 A Bouquet of Flowers

nivi-damodara-sthira-yashah stabakodgamena
Meaning that the purely radiant eternal glorious form of Nivi Damodar-the bouquet of flowers, is my wealth, or that Lilashuk from whom that bouquet of flower verses have manifested, or me ‘Lilashuk’ who has arisen as a fruit from that bouquet of flowers.

Dark-hued Krishna is Accessible by Prema

 There are three meanings to the phrase Nivi damodar
1)Chaitanya Das Goswami has acknowledged nivi damodar to be the parents of the poet.
2)As per Shri Gopal Bhatt Goswami-nivi is mooldhan or the capital, meaning prema and its price, and this very prema is the price, the Damodar who is overwhelmed by that prema, meaning Krishna who is accessible by prema
3)nivi-damodar-nivi-dor-kati-kanchi, meaning Damodar Shri Krishna bound by golden strings that hold the girdle of Shri Radha who is the svarupa of mahabhava.

 Shri Radha-Krishna on a Full Moon Night

 An example of this playful dalliance is found in the 'Kartik Mahatmaya.'
Once, on the full moon night in the month of Kartika, Radha had made an appointment with Krishna, but Krishna failed to show up in time, so Radha angrily frowned Her eyebrows and bound Him around the belly with the golden strings that held Her girldle. When Krishna explained to Her that He was late because of attending a Kartika-festival held by His mother and flattered Her with sweet words, Radha forgave Him and released Him. Since then Sri Krishna is known as ‘Nivi Damodara’ or ‘Damodara.’

 Rasika are Drawn to Krishna Like Black Bees

 This ‘Krishna-Karnamrita’ is a bouquet of Your glory in which there is a description of your tender traits, which seems as if flowers are blooming. They contain fragrance and sweetness therefore the composition is exuding a pleasant fragrance, bestowing delight.  Like capricious black bees, rasikas are passionately drawn to it on reading and hearing this work. My prayer is solely this that the bouquet of Your imperishable glory bestows delight for all times to come.

Thursday, October 13, 2016

'Shri Krishna-karnamrita:' One hundredth & Ninth Shloka

tubhyam nirbhara-harsha-varsha-vivashavesha-sphutavir-bhavad-
sukritam bhaveshu nirhasine |
manasam vacam ca dure sphuran-
mahase kasmai cid asmai namah ||109||

Simple Meaning: 

Krishna, the Ornament of Gokul

 While bowing down to Krishna, who is the ornament of Shrimad Gokul, who is a glowing tejpunj, a mass of light, who is beyond words as well as thought, who is the great ocean of madhurya, sweet loving tenderness, Shri Billavmangal ji says that Krishna shines forth in the ecstatic states of those pious bhaktas who ardently long to have His darshan occasioned by an inexpressible deluge of unrestrained transcendental rapture.

Rasa-laden Commentary:

Krishna is Tejpunj, a Glowing Mass of Light

He means to say that this great ocean of extreme sweetness, glowing mass of light (Lord Krishna) shines forth in the hearts of highly fortunate beloved devotees adorned with bhava or loving flowing towards Him. He is unattainable and cannot be seen without bhava.

 Krishna Manifests for His Loving Devotees

'You manifest in front of those loving devotees whose hearts are totally dependent on You, who ardently long to behold You, who are overwhelmed with spontaneous transcendental delight, who are absorbed because of having relished the sweetness of Your lila and who are longing to behold Your spirited antics.'

Krishna, the Blue-hued Saphire of Gokul

This mass of glowing divine light is not Nirakar or formless but Sakar, having form. He the ornament of Gokul Mandal. Gokul has been blessed, highly blessed, only because of Your arrival.You are the glory of the residents of Gokul, Your grandeur can not be described in words. Lord Krishna ornaments Gokul like the Neelamani or blue sapphire; He is surely the ornament of Nand Bhavan in Gokul.

In the words of Surdas:

Surdas Describes Krishna

shobha sindhu na ant rahi ree |
nand bhavan bharpuri umag chali,  braj kee beethinha phirat bahee ree |
dekhi jai aaj gokul mein, ghar-ghan bechati phirati dahee ree |
kahan lagi kahaun banai vividh vidhi, kahat na mukh sahsahun nibahee ree|
jasumati udar agadh udadhi te, upaji aisee saban kahee ree|
‘surshyam’ prabhu indraneelmani, brajvanita ur laee gahee ree |’

Your svarupa is beyond mind and words. Our mind and eyes behold You but they do not have words. Besides, words can not have darshan of what they can describe.

tadapi kahe binu raha na koi
(Sri Ramcharitmanas)

 Gopis Want to Contain the Image of the Eternal Lover in their Minds

Your ineffably beauteous Form, Your capriciousness and fickleness can’t be described.
Innumerable waves of beauty keep rising in Your youthful form. Gopikas truly longed to contain these waves of the Lord’s transcendental form, their Eternal Beloved in their minds and vital breaths of their lives, but the image they saw when they opened their eyes was  absolutely different. They were astonished to see hundreds of streams of a new image gushing forth. How could they fill their hearts with these new waves which were rising, moment after moment! Therefore You are beyond mind and words.

Rasikas have been describing Your form till date, are doing so and will do so in the future but they are restless and not yet satisfied. They feel that they have not been able to describe You at all.

 Krishna is Dependent on the Gopis

I bow down to that tejpunj, the glowing mass of light, who is dependent on the gopis but is beyond description.

This very tejpunj is our Neel Brahma, Who bestows joy on us, grants coolness on us, He is the Supreme Lover of the gopis. They plunge in the romantic dalliances of this blue-hued Krishna, night and day.

The sweetness of madhuryaika-maharnavaya jyotipunj relished by the gopas and gopikas of Braj can be attained only by the very pious souls who are endowed with extremely selfless pure love like them. 

 Visualizing Krishna with Eyes Anointed with Divine Love

It has been said in the ‘Brahma Samhita’
premAGjanacchurita bhakti vilocanena
santaH sa daiva hRdayeSu vilokayanti
(Sri Brahma Samhita. 38)
"I worship Lord Govinda, the Primeval Supreme Personality, Syama Sundara, Whom the pure devotees ever visualize in the core of their hearts through eyes anointed with Divine Love,"

This is exactly what Shri Billavmangal ji is saying:
sukritam bhaveshu nirhasine
Lord Krishna shines forth in the hearts of pious bhaktas.

 Krishna Shines in the Hearts of Pious Bhaktas

bhav  badyo tab janiye yeh gati hoye anoop |
bhool bhukh aru sain sukh, nain bhare rahain roop ||
jehi ur upajyo premras, so nit rahat udas |
bhulyo hansivo khelibo, khan pan sukh vaas ||
prem beli jehi ur chadee, gayo sabai sudhi bhool |
ek kamal ‘dhruv’ chah ko, taake ur rahyo phool ||
(Shri Hit Dhruv Das)

Friday, September 30, 2016

Spiritual Calendar: October, 2016

1st October, 2016: Sharadiya Navratris Start

Goddess Durga
In Hindu mythology Durga is Shakti, the divine feminine energy. The Goddess’s triump over Mahishasur, the buffalo demon symbolizes the victory of good over evil. These nine days are solely devoted to propitiation of the Mother Goddess or Shakti Incarnate.

4th October, 2016: Angaraki Ganesh Chaturthi Vrata

Lord Ganesha

 According to Hindu scriptures Chaturthi Tithi(s) belongs to Lord Ganesha. The Chaturthi after Amavasya or new moon during Shukla Paksha is known as Vinayaka Chaturthi. When it falls on a Tuesday it is known as Angaraki Ganesh Chaturthi.

Ganesha, the foremost god of the Hindu pantheon is beheld as the most auspicious God of new beginnings and widely worshipped as the supreme god of wisdom, prosperity and good fortune. Devotees of Lord Ganesha, who intend to observe a fast on Ganesha Chaturthi, wake up early in the morning and take a bath. After wearing laundered clothes, they head towards the nearest temple or perform a small puja at home, to offer prayers to the deity.

When people fast on Ganesh Chaturthi, they either opt for the nirjal vrat (a stringent, waterless fast) or phalahar vrat (a diet). Devotees are allowed to have sweets including til ke ladoo, gajak and rewari along with tea and coffee. In order to concentrate, devotees chant mantras invoking Lord Ganesha and sing bhajans in his praise. It is believed that if one observes a fast on Ganesha Chaturthi with sincerity, he is blessed with health, wealth and prosperity.

9th October, 2016:Shri Durga Ashtami

 Maa Durga

Durgashtami, is the eighth day of Durga Navratris. Goddess Bhadrakali, the powerful form of the mother goddess, incarnated on Ashvin Krishna Ashtami along with the yogini ganas to annihilate demon Mahishasur. Durga means indefatigable in Sanskrit.

On the 8th day of this colourful festival, yagna or religious sacrifice and homa or fire rituals are performed. Pure ghee, kheer and sesame seeds are offered to Goddess Durga. Many people in north India celebrate the 8th day as ashtami when nine young girls representing the Navdurge are fed with halwa, puri and kale chane.

10th October, 2016: Shri Durga Navami

 Mahishasur Mardini

 On Mahanavami, the Mother Goddess became Mahishasura Mardhini by slaying demon Mahishasura.

 Ayudha Puja

The ninth day is also celebrated as Ayudha Puja. After the slaying of Mahishasura by Goddess Durga there was no need of Her weapons and they were thus kept aside and worshipped.

Goddess Saraswati

On Navami, Goddess Saraswati is honoured by worshipping the books and records of accounts at home.

11th October, 2016: Vijaya Dashami or Dussehra

Lord Rama Kills Ravana

On this day in the Treta Yuga, Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Vishnu, killed the demon king,Ravana who had abducted Sita. Ramayana, a great epic, records how Rama, his brother Lakshman, Hanuman and their troops of monkeys battled to rescue Sita from Ravana's Lanka.

 Shri Rama Invokes the Blessings of Goddess Durga

Shri Rama had performed Chandi Homa and invoked the blessings of goddess Durga. She blessed Rama with knowledge of the secret means of killing Ravana.

 Effigies of Ravana, Kumbhkaran & Meghnath Being Burnt

On Dussehra, effigies of Ravana, his brother Kumbhakaran and son Meghnath are erected and burnt with joyous abandon at sunset, marking the victory of good over evil.This event gets rid of a household's ten vices represented by ten heads of Ravana namely,lust, anger, delusion, greed, arrogance, jealousy, mind, intellect, will and ego.

On Vijayadashami, Arjuna took back his weapons which he had hidden in a Vani tree so that he could live in disguise during the promised exile.It is said that one who begins his learning to work on Vijayadashami will be a grand success as Arjuna was in the war of Kurukshetra.

As Dusshera is considered to be a festive occasion, special cuisine is made on the day. Since in most of the Hindu communities, people keep a fast and eat only one meal a day at sunset. Also the diet is strictly vegetarian. Even onion and garlic are not allowed as they are not considered a part of the ‘Satvik food’.

12th October, 2016:Papankusha Ekadashi


 Fasting on Ekadashi (comes twice a month). One should not consume any grains or meat on this day.

Lord Krishna says that if a person fasts on Ekadashi, “I will burn up all his sins. Indeed this day is the most meritorious for destroying all kinds of sins.” In the katha of Papankusha Ekadashi from the Brahma Vaivarta Purana,Yudhishthira Maharaj says, “ Oh Madhusudana, what is the name of the Ekadashi that comes during the light fortnight of the month of Ashvina? Please be merciful and disclose this truth to me."

Lord Krishna goes on to reveal the glories of the Papankusha Ekadashi which expiates all sins.

13th October, 2016: Pradosh Vrata

 Lord Shiva

 Pradosh means dusk and this fast is kept for propitiating Lord Shiva. With His blessings all desires are fulfilled and one attains spiritual enlightenment. Generally people observe Pradosha Vrata on every trayodashi tithi (13th lunar day falling in Krishna and Shukla Pakshas) in the evening.

15th October, 2016: Sharad Poornima

The Rasa Lila

On Sharad-Poornima, Vrindavan devotees celebrate the divine union of the ascending soul with the descending God. The miracle of the Raas Lila: that supreme moment of Krishna’s manifestation as human lover and divine incarnate dancing with the gopis in the forest of Madhuvana.

 Dark-hued Krishna Bathing with Gopis in the Yamuna

Bathing with the gopis in the flowing waters of the Yamuna on the radiant night of Sharad Poornima, the autumnal full moon, Krishna enchants us.

Shri Banke Bihar ji
In celestial Vrindavan the most popular deity Shri Bihari ji is majestically decked with mormukut, katikachini and vanshi on Raas Poornima. Millions of devotees from all over Punjab, Delhi, UP and the entire world throng to have His radiant darshan which is possible only once a year!

16th October, 2016: Shri Valmiki Jayanti

Maharshi Valmiki

He is celebrated as the poet harbinger in Sanskrit literature. Maharishi Valmiki is the author of the epic Ramayana, based on the attribution in the text of the epic itself and is revered as the Adi Kavi or First Poet because he discovered the first śloka or verse, which set the base and defined the form to Sanskrit poetry. The Yoga Vasistha is attributed to him. A religious movement called Valmikism is based on Valmiki's teachings as presented in the Ramayana and the Yoga Vasistha.
16th October, 2016: Kartik Snan Begins

Kartik Snan at Har ki Pauri

Kartik Maas, the eighth lunar month of the traditional Hindu calendar, is considered highly auspicious in North India. Taking a holy dip in the river Ganges at Prayag and Badarikashrama located in the Himalayas in Kartik is considered as a means of attaining salvation and is known as Kartik Snan.

19th October, 2016: Karva Chauth Vrata


Karwa Chauth

Karwa Chauth is a traditional Hindu festival wherein married women observe a fast and worship the karwa filled with water (or make an offering of a karva filled with sweets). As the name signifies, karwa means an earthen pot with a spout, used in prayers. Chauth corresponds to the fourth day leading to the name Karwa Chauth. The event falls on chaturthi tithi after the full moon in the Kartik month of the Hindu calendar, about nine days before Diwali.

It is customary for married women to fast the entire day without food or water for the longevity of their husbands’ lives, well-being and prosperity. A woman who keeps this vrat or fast is acclaimed as Saubhagyavati (a joyous state of wifehood). In the evening they listen to the Karva Chauth katha and the fast is over after moonrise.

19th October, 2016: Sankashti Chaturthi Vrata

Lord Ganesha

Ganesha, the foremost god of the Hindu pantheon is beheld as the most auspicious God of new beginnings and widely worshipped as the supreme god of wisdom, prosperity and good fortune. Devotees of Lord Ganesha, who intend to observe a fast on Sankashti Chaturthi, wake up early in the morning and take a bath.

After wearing laundered clothes, they head towards the nearest temple or perform a small puja at their home,to offer prayers to the deity.

When people fast on Sankashti Chaturthi, they either opt for the nirjal vrat (a stringent, waterless fast) or phalahar vrat (a diet). Devotees are allowed to have sweets including til ke ladoo , gajak and rewari along with tea and coffee. In order to concentrate, the devotees chant mantras invoking Lord Ganesha and sing bhajans in his praise. It is believed that if one observes a fast on Sankashti Chaturthi with sincerity, he is blessed with health, wealth and prosperity.

22nd October, Ahoi Ashtami Vrata

Goddess Ahoi

Celebrated in autumn on Ashtami (eighth day of a lunar fortnight), Ahoi Ashtami is a festival before Diwali when women pray for their children. The ritual is usually celebrated in the Karthik month (October-November)of the Hindu calendar.

Very similar to Karva Chauth, although not overly popular, the Ahoi Ashtami is a fast specifically observed by mothers for the well-being of their sons.It is performed mostly by people living in Northern India when pure water is offered to stars in the evening by mothers praying for the long life of their sons.Families having children do worship goddess Hoi and seek her blessings for a fruitful Diwali which is just a week away.

26th October, 2016: Rama Ekadashi

 The Braham Vaivarta Purana

It is observed on the eleventh day in Krishna Paksha of the Kartik month according to the North Indian calendar.

An account of the legend and the significance of Rama Ekadasi is given in the Brahmavaivarta Purana.

In a conversation held between dark-hued Krishna and Yudhistira, Lord Krishna details the story of prince Shobhana who attained salvation in his next life by keeping the fast of Ramaa Ekadasi.Shobhana ruled a kingdom on Mount Mandarachala and his wife Chandrabhaga finally enjoys marital bliss with him.

28th October, 2016: Pradosh Vrata


Lord Shiva

Pradosh means dusk and this fast is kept on the 13th day of each lunar fortnight for propitiating Lord Shiva. With his blessings all desires are fulfilled and one attains spiritual enlightenment. It is said that on this day all gods and goddesses assemble at Mount Kailash to worship Lord Shiva.

28th October, 2016: Dhanteras/Dhanwantari Jayanti

Goddess Lakshmi Riding Uluka, the Owl

Dhanteras ushers in Diwali, India’s festival of lights. Marking the first day of the five day Diwali festivities; it is a harbinger of good fortune. Dhanteras falls on the auspicious thirteenth lunar day of Krishna Paksha in the Hindu month of Kartik (October/November). Dhan in Dhanteras stands for wealth and teras means the thirteenth.

On Dhanteras Goddess Laxmi, the goddess of wealth and good fortune relies on Uluka the owl to carry Her wherever she disperses her material and spiritual riches on this day in particular.

 Dhanwantari, Physician of the gods

Also known as Dhantrayodashi or Dhanwantari Triodashi It is celebrated in honour of Dhanavantri, the physician of the gods and an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.

Dhanteras is celebrated with joyous abandon all over India and is particularly significant for the business community for whom it is customary to purchase precious metals on this day.

29th October, 2016: Naraka Chaturdashi/ Chhoti Diwali

The day before Diwali, is celebrated as Chhoti Diwali or Naraka Chaturdasi with fewer lights being lit and less bursting of crackers.

 Naraka Chaturdashi

Naraka Chaturdasi: Satyabhama was infuriated by Narakasura's malice towards women and Krishna granted her a boon to fight the demon, He rescued the imprisoned women plus recover Goddess Aditi's earrings. After the demon was slain, Lord Krishna married all the sixteen thousand women to spare them disgrace.

29th October, 2016: Roop Chaturdashi

 Ineffably Beautiful Krishna

 A person’s visual appearance is enhanced by worshipping Lord Krishna on this day.A saint used to live in a place called Hiranyagarbha. Once he tried to invoke the Lord by praying to Him. He performed austerities but faced a lot of problems.

Hence the saint was distressed. The saint asked Narad Muni why he had to face so many problems despite worshipping the Lord. Narad Muni told him that he had prayed in an inappropriate manner.

Narad Muni suggested that the saint keep a fast on Chaturdashi in the Kartik Krishna Paksha and worship Lord Krishna on this day. Narada assured the saint that he would become beautiful and healthy if he did so. The saint followed all principles of the fast and became healthy. Thus Narak Chaturdashi came to be known as Roop Chaturdashi.

On this day, a person should wake up early and take a bath. He should put some apamarg leaves in water before taking a bath. A four-faced lamp should be kept in a platter for worshipping the Lord. Roli, jaggery, gulal and flowers should also be kept in this platter.

After worshipping Lord Krishna, lamps should be lit in different corners of the house. Ganesha and goddess Laxmi must be worshipped with dhoop and lamps. Lamps are also donated on this day. Fourteen lamps dedicated to Lord Yama are lit in the southern direction. A devout worshipper is freed from all sins and problems.

29th October, 2016: Hanuman Jayanti

 Shri Hanuman Mandir, Sarangpur

 Hanuman Jayanthi is celebrated in honour of the birth of Hanuman, the monkey god widely propitiated throughout India. He was born to Kesari (the Wind God) and Anjani. Hanuman, the mighty ape that aided Lord Rama in his expedition against evil forces, is one of the most popular idols in the Hindu pantheon. Believed to be an avatara of Lord Shiva, Hanuman is worshipped as a symbol of physical strength, perseverance and devotion.

30th October, 2016: Diwali / Shri Lakshmi Pujan

Significant Events related to Diwali

Diwali, the Festival of Lights

Return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya: Diwali celebrates the return of Lord Rama, with His wife Sita and brother Lakshmana to Ayodhya after a 14 year exile, and a war in which he killed Ravana, the demon king. It is said that the denizens of Ayodhya lit ghee lamps to light their path in the darkness. Lord Rama journeyed from South India to His kingdom in the North. He passed through the south earlier; because of which the festival is celebrated a day before in South India.

 Ardhanarishwar Shiva

Austerities of Shakti: According to the Skanda Purana, goddess Shakti observed 21 days of austerity from ashtami of shukla paksha (eighth day of the waxing period of moon) to attain half the body of Lord Shiva. This fast is known as kedhara vrata which is completed on Deepavali when Lord Shiva accepted Shakti as the left half of His form and appeared as Ardhanarishvara.

 Lakshmi Puja

Lakshmi Puja: Lakshmi Puja marks the most important day of Diwali celebrations in North India. Hindus worship Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, and Ganesha, the God of auspicious beginnings.Hindus leave the windows and doors of their houses open so that Lakshmi can step in. Rangoli patterns are drawn on the floors and most popular is the lotus flower because images of Lakshmi show Her either holding a lotus or sitting on one.There is much feasting and Diwali lamps make it easy for Lakshmi to find Her way to favoured houses.

The goddess is worshipped in her dark form as Kali in the Bengali and Oriya areas of India. Diwali marks the last battle in the Chaturmas when the demons become all powerful and must be wiped out.
31st October, 2016 Annakoot / Shri Goverdhan Pooja

Child Krishna Lifts Mount Goverdhan

Lord Krishna’s lifting of Goverdhan Mount for seven days at a stretch before Diwali inaugurates the ethos of shringara bhakti. Dark-hued Krishna admonishes the people of Vraja and tells them not to become a prey to ritualistic Vedic worship of Indra Pujan but instead engage in a more humanistic dharma of love by worshipping Goverdhan.


Soon after the prayers and aarti were done as per customary norms, 56 sumptuous delicacies were ceremoniously raised as bhoga (offerings of food) before the deity (Mount Goverdhan). After the Lord relished the feast, it was the Vrajwasis turn to approach the mount of food and savour prasad. Now, the Lord asked them to take a round of the mount, which measures 21kms or 14 kos.'

Krishna granted a boon that from now onwards Goverdhan was no more a mount but His svarupa or living presence and any person who takes a parikrama or circumambulation of Sri Girirajji will be certainly blessed with the fulfilment of all his desires. Ever since, the parikrama of Sri Girirajji is undertaken by millions of devotees almost daily, not just the annual one on Annakoot or the monthly circumambulation on every Poornima (the night or day of full moon).